To serve, as distinguished from the master.
- Heb. meshereth, applied to an attendant on one of superior rank, as to Joshua, the servant of Moses (Exo 33:11), and to the servant of Elisha (2Ki 4:43). This name is also given to attendants at court (2Ch 22:8), and to the priests and Levites (Jer 33:21; Eze 44:11).
- Heb. pelah (Ezr 7:24), a minister of religion. Here used of that class of sanctuary servants called Solomon’s servants in Ezr 2:55-58 and Neh 7:57-60.
- Greek leitourgos, a subordinate public administrator, and in this sense applied to magistrates (Rom 13:6). It is applied also to our Lord (Heb 8:2), and to Paul in relation to Christ (Rom 15:16).
- Greek hyperetes (literally, under-rower), a personal attendant on a superior, thus of the person who waited on the officiating priest in the synagogue (Luk 4:20). It is applied also to John Mark, the attendant on Paul and Barnabas (Act 13:5).
- Greek diaconos, usually a subordinate officer or assistant employed in relation to the ministry of the gospel, as to Paul and Apollos (1Co 3:5), Tychicus (Eph 6:21), Epaphras (Col 1:7), Timothy (1Th 3:2), and also to Christ (Rom 15:8).