Description and Duties of Elder

To indicates an older man with wisdom that can only come from age and experience.

  1. of the elder of two persons or more (Luke 15:25, John 8:9).
  2. of a person advanced in age (Acts 2:17; Heb. 11:2).
  3. of the forefathers in Israel (Matt. 15:2; Mark 7:3,5).
  4. of members of the Sanhedrin (Matt. 16:21; 26:47).
  5. of those who managed public affairs in the various cities (Luke 7:3).
  6. of those who were the heads or leaders of the tribes and families, as of the seventy who helped Moses (Num. 11:16; Deut. 27:1). This included:
    1. acting as judges in apprehending murderers (Deut. 19:12).
    2. conducting inquests (Deut. 21:2).
    3. settling matrimonial disputes(Deut. 22:15; 25:7).
    4. If theirs was a city of refuge they also heard pleas for asylum (Joshua 20:4).
  7. of those qualified by the Holy Spirit who exercised spiritual care and oversight of the local congregation.

Reference: Matthew 15:2, 16:21, 21:23, 26:3, 26:47, 26:57, 26:59, 27:1, 27:3, 27:12, 27:20, 27:41, 28:12, Mark 7:3, 7:5, 8:31, 11:27, 14:43, 14:53, 15:1, Luke 7:3, 9:22, 15:25, 20:1, 22:52, John 8:9, Acts 2:17, 4:5, 4:8, 4:23, 6:12, 11:30, 14:23, 15:2, 15:4, 15:6, 15:22-23, 16:4, 20:17-18, 23:14, 24:1, 25:15, 1 Timothy 5:1-2, 5:17, 5:19, Titus 1:5, Hebrews 11:2, James 5:14, 1 Peter 5:1, 5:5, 2 John 1:1, 3 John 1:1, Revelation 4:4, 4:10, 5:5-6, 5:8, 5:11, 5:14, 7:11, 7:13, 11:16, 14:3, 19:4